The Results section is arguably the most important part of a research report. When a professional scientist reads a research report, the first section that he or she typically goes to is the Results. Likewise, when a company or government agency has commissioned a research project, they are most interested in the results obtained. In the Results section, the major findings of the study are described through the use of descriptive statistics and, if relevant, with inferential statistics. Visual aids such as tables and/or figures are often included to allow for efficient communication of the outcomes.
View the video below for how to use numbers in text.
1. Use Greek letters to denote population parameters (e.g., μ) and italicised Latin letters to denote sample statistics (e.g., M).
2. Use an uppercase, italicised N to represent the total sample size, and a lowercase, italicised n to represent the number in a portion of the total sample (e.g., the sample size of a group).
3. Except for Greek letters and vectors, present statistical symbols in italics e.g., N, df, p, SD, F, t.
4. Use common abbreviations for statistical terms and symbols e.g.,
5. Space statistical copy as you would with words. In general use spacing between numbers and other text, e.g., F (1, 23) = 3.53, p < .05.
View the video below on how to insert statistical symbols in Microsoft Word.